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What is PN?

Parenteral nutrition (PN) is a way to provide nourishment to patients who are unable to absorb nutrients through their digestive system. Protein, carbohydrates, fat, minerals and electrolytes, vitamins, and other trace elements are delivered intravenously so the nutrients go directly into the bloodstream, bypassing the gut.

Doctor next to Fresenius Kabi product

Who uses PN?

Patients who require PN can be either critically ill or chronically ill – these include adults as well as children, particularly newborns.

In critically ill patients, conditions or diseases affecting the bowel’s ability to process food taken by mouth may require PN. People in intensive care may also be candidates for PN if their digestive system is not working optimally as a result of decreased intestinal function.

In chronically ill patients, conditions such as cancer, Crohn’s disease, short bowel syndrome, ischemic bowel disease, or abnormal bowel function may interrupt normal bowel function for a long time or forever, requiring PN.1

Where is PN provided?

PN can be provided in the hospital, in long-term care facilities, or at home. Sometimes people continue on PN after discharge from the hospital.Depending on the patient’s needs, different PN products are indicated. Because PN products are highly concentrated, they are typically delivered through central veins in the neck or chest. Delivery through peripheral veins in the forearm is used for shorter durations of PN.

Most lipid-based PN products provide essential fatty acids, one of the major nutritional components. Lipid sources used in PN include soybean oil, medium chain triglycerides, olive oil, and fish oil.1

Resources for patients and caregivers

A number of organizations work in support of patients on PN by furthering research, advancing clinical practices, and providing support.

Explore PN products

Get the lowdown on our line of lipid injectable emulsions that provide essential fatty acids for PN patients.

The Omega-3 difference

Angling for more information about fish oil and omega-3s in PN?

How can we help?

Contact us

Reference: 1. ASPEN. What is parenteral nutrition. ASPEN website. Accessed September 17, 2020.